Philosophy – Essay: Blaise Pascal’s solution for human wretchedness.

Write a 1,500 word essay in response to one of the following questions. Remember that this is not a research essay – please rely on the primary source (a book by the author you chose to write about) and your own arguments and examples: 1. Critically discuss the Stoic recipe for tranquillity of mind, and assess its role in securing a life of fulfilment. 2. Critically examine Blaise Pascal’s solution for human wretchedness. What are his key arguments, and do they entail religious faith? 3. What does Albert Camus mean by the “victory of the absurd”? Argue for or against his view of human fulfilment. 4. How would Plato’s view of leadership apply in today’s world? 5. Critically evaluate Martin Heidegger’s view of Being and human beings. 6. John Locke views the self as a “thinking thing”. Does this mean that he completely dismisses the body? Argue for or against this view of personal identity. 7. Evaluate David Hume’s notion of the self, understood as a fiction. 8. Why does Charles Taylor believe the self is like a narrative, and what is the link between this and morality? Do you agree with his views – and why? 9. What is the meaning of “nothingness” in the context of Sartre’s view of freedom? Do you think one can be an existentialist and maintain a religious faith at the same time? 10. Evaluate St Augustine’s arguments in favour of the existence of free will. 11. Argue for or against Confucius’ view of the rapport between personal identity and community. 12. Evaluate the Buddhist notion of freedom and its rapport to being and nothingness

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