Give a page biography of cristianos past his struggles his upbringing and mention his struggles 1 page
following page segway to talking about a sport psychology concept called catastrophe theory
CATASTROPHE THEORY… OCCURS WHEN? WHAT DOES THE GRAPH LOOK LIKE
Arousal: is a blend of physiological and psychological activity in a person and it refers to the intensity dimensions of motivation at a particular moment. It ranges from not aroused, to completely aroused, to highly aroused; this is when individuals are mentally and physically activated.
Performance increases as arousal increases but when arousal gets too high performance dramatically decreases. This is usually caused by the performer becoming anxious and sometimes making wrong decisions. Catastrophes is caused by a combination of cognitive and somatic anxieties. Cognitive is the internal worries of not performing well while somatic is the physical effects of muscle tension/butterflies and fatigue through playing.
The graph is an inverted U where the x line is the arousal and the y is the performance. Performance peaks on the top of the inverted U and the catastrophe happens in the fall of the inverted U
This is a brief description on the theory cover this in detail about ronaldo and how this applies when he plays football 2 pages
HIGH TRAIT ANXIETY ATHLETES… HOW DO THEY PERCEIVE COMPETITION?
get some quotes on him mentioning competition and how he perfromance in it
Anxiety: is a negative emotional state in which feelings of nervousness, worry and apprehension are associated with activation or arousal of the body
Trait Anxiety: is a behavioral disposition to perceive as threatening circumstances that objectively may not be dangerous and to then respond with disproportionate state anxiety.
Somatic Trait Anxiety: the degree to which one typically perceived heightened physical symptoms (muscle tension)
Cognitive Trait Anxiety: the degree to which one typically worries or has self doubt
Concentration Disruption: the degree to which one typically has concentration disruption during competition
People usually with high trait anxiety usually have more state anxiety in highly competitive evaluative situations than do people with lower trait anxiety. Example two athletes are playing basketball and both are physically and statistically the same both have to shoot a final free throw to win the game. Athlete A is more laid back which means his trait anxiety is lower and he doesn’t view the final shot as a overly threatening. Athlete B has a high trait anxiety and because of that he perceives the final shot as very threatening. This has an effect on his state anxiety much more than expected in this specific scenario.
HIGHLY SKILLED ATHLETES EXPERIENCE LESS STATE ANXIETY AND MORE CONFIDENCE
State Anxiety: an emotional state characterized by subjective consciously perceived feelings of apprehension and tension accompanied by or associated with activation or arousal of the autonomic nervous system.
Cognitive State Anxiety: moment to moment changes in worries and negative thoughts
Somatic State Anxiety: moment to moment changes in perceived physiological arousal
Perceived Control State Anxiety: the degree to which one has the resources and ability to meet challenges
Example player playing basketball at the start of the game he or she may have a slightly elevated level of anxiety before tip off ( nervous feeling heart pumping), lower level once he/she settles into the pace of the game, and then an extremely high level in the closing minute of the game (feeling nervous with his/her heart racing)
HOW ATHLETES PERCEIVE THEIR ANXIETY AND PERFORMANCE
There is a direct relationship between a person’s level of trait anxiety and state anxiety. Research shows that the athletes who score high on trait anxiety measure a high state anxiety in competition. But this varies a highly trait anxious athlete may have a lot of experience in a particular situation and therefore not perceive it as a threat and have a high state anxiety.
Mention all this of the second concept and how it motivates ronaldo all these concepts need to be covered in detail to get a good understanding of ronaldos motivations and how he performs under pressure and how he deal with it 2 pages with quotes from him and sources