HSC316 – M2Q1 – Quarterly Exam 1 2020 july

SOLUTION AT Australian Expert Writers

Question 14 pts
Evan, an intern trainer at a medical fitness facility, shows Chester, a 68-year-old client who has just been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, several strength-training machines. Chester is very slow to catch on and needs a great deal of assistance setting the seat positions and figuring out how to work the machines.
In this scenario, how should Evan proceed with Chester?
Group of answer choices
Keep on task in order to complete the workout for Chester’s optimum physical benefit for that day’s workout.
Emphasize proper form when using the machines so that Chester learns things correctly from the start and doesn’t get injured later.
Discontinue teaching the strength training machines for the day; go back to the treadmill, where Chester had gained confidence, so that the workout ends on a positive note.
Emphasize the trainer–client relationship rather than the workout by going slowly, listening to and answering questions, and building Chester’s confidence for exercising.
Question 24 pts
Which condition causes the body to lose the ability to control infectious agents?
Group of answer choices
COPD
AIDS
TB
CHD
Diseases involving narrowing of airways and persistent obstruction of airflow are referred to by what collective name?
Group of answer choices
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Asthma
Emphysema
Bronchial disease
Question 44 pts
____ refers to the percentage of the body that is composed of fat tissue.
Group of answer choices
Body composition
Lean body mass
Body mass index
Muscle mass
Question 54 pts
Childhood ____ may set the stage for neurocognitive deficits that make people more prone to stress and negative health-behavior patterns.
Group of answer choices
poverty
obesity
physical inactivity
depression
Question 64 pts
Which of the following health behaviors may expose an individual to carcinogens?
Group of answer choices
Wearing gloves when working with chemicals
Staying in the shade on a sunny day
Eating cured meats
All of the above
Question 74 pts
What condition increases children’s risk of developing emotional health problems, is associated with poorer school performance, and may make affected children the object of bullying and discrimination?
Group of answer choices
Lice
Obesity
Asthma
Ear infection
Question 84 pts
What social prejudice may push people who are obese into lower-status positions?
Group of answer choices
Anti-fat bias
Ethnocentrism
Beauty ideals
None of the above
9Which of the following are reasons that spirituality and religious practices may positively affect health?
Group of answer choices
Clean living
Positive beliefs
Relaxation response
Social support
All of the above
10The quality of being spiritual or concerned with the nature of spirit or soul, the intangible and immaterial essence of a person, is referred to as:
Group of answer choices
spirituality.
atheism.
religion.
agnosticism.
11Aerobic exercise and strength training can increase ____ ability and even brain volume in aging humans.
Group of answer choices
propulsion
stretching
weight-control
cognitive
12Some of the parenting practices associated with children having a lower risk of developing obesity include:
Group of answer choices
setting limits on screen time.
monitoring bedtimes.
providing children with cognitively stimulating activities.
showing greater expressions of emotional warmth.
all of the above
13are strong tissues that connect bones to each other and help form joints.
Group of answer choices
Ligaments
Synovial joints
Tendons
Intervertebral discs
14Viruses, bacteria, fungi, and other agents that can cause harm are known as:
Group of answer choices
leukocytes.
cytokines.
the lymphatic system.
pathogens.
15The field of ____ studies the mechanisms by which genes are expressed and the many factors that influence these mechanisms, including health behaviors.
Group of answer choices
psychophysiology
biofeedback
genealogy
epigenetics
16Symptoms of ____, a severe reaction to an allergen, include difficulty swallowing or breathing, itching, swelling, nausea and vomiting, and anxiety and confusion.
Group of answer choices
lactose intolerance
anaphylaxis
celiac disease
diverticulitis
17A motor unit is comprised of:
Group of answer choices
groups of muscle fibers.
one motor neuron plus the muscle fibers that it innervates.
layers of connective tissue that join together at the ends of muscles.
none of the above
18Which syndrome is characterized by symptoms of gas, bloating, cramping, diarrhea, and/or constipation, and may be helped by a high-fiber diet, probiotic supplements, avoiding foods that cause gas, and relaxation techniques?
Group of answer choices
IBS
CRP
Diverticulitis
Pancreatitis
19When injured cells produce cytokines that trigger the dilation of blood vessels in the injured area and call for leukocytes to come and attend to pathogens, the result is called ____.
Group of answer choices
inflammation
allergic response
psychoneuroimmunology
none of the above
20What is one of the functions of the parasympathetic nervous system?
Group of answer choices
To speed up the activity of the aerobic energy systems
To support digestive processes
To suppress the immune system
To increase heart rate
21The brain and spinal cord are part of which body system?
Group of answer choices
Somatic nervous system
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Afferent nervous system
22Which area of the brain is known as the “emotional brain” and is involved with memory formation, emotions, and motivation?
Group of answer choices
Limbic system
Reticular formation
Pineal gland
Cerebrum
23The cerebrum, cerebellum, and diencephalon are all part of which organ?
Group of answer choices
Brainstem
Lungs
Brain
Heart
24Which of the following are examples of ways to reduce the stress response?
Group of answer choices
Meditation and a hot bath
A cup of coffee and a cigarette
Working overtime and getting fast-food takeout
None of the above
25What effect do the lifestyle factors that are known to increase risk of artery disease have on memory loss?
Group of answer choices
Increase risk of memory loss
Decrease risk of memory loss
No effect on memory loss

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