PUB-550 Topic 8: Analyzing and Reporting Results

SOLUTION AT Australian Expert Writers

Objectives:
Apply hypothesis testing steps to a data set.
Communicate scientific information for public health practice.
Select quantitative and qualitative data collection methods appropriate for a given public health context.
Analyze quantitative and qualitative data using biostatistics, informatics, computer-based programming, and software, as appropriate.
Interpret results of data analysis for public health research, policy, or practice.

The purpose of this assignment is analyze a dataset and report findings to relevant stakeholders.
Read the Topic Material “Analyzing and Reporting Data – Overview” prior to beginning the assignment.
For this assignment, you will use IBM SPSS Statistics and one of the three datasets to conduct a basic statistical analysis and report the results by creating a scientific poster. MPH students can use this assignment as an introduction to the option of a larger secondary data analysis for their capstone project.
Select a public health topic that is of interest to you and complete the following using the “GCU MPH Poster Template.”
Review the three datasets provided in the Topic Materials and brainstorm at least one potential research question that could be answered by one of the datasets. The question should be based on a topic that is of interest to you and is supported by existing literature.
Select the dataset and organize the data to complete the analysis.
Provide descriptive statistics that summarize the sample.
Select an appropriate statistical test and conduct the analysis.
Interpret the results of your analysis.
Prepare your poster presentation putting the results in the context of the larger story surrounding the purpose for the analysis. Consider the data source, assumptions, hypotheses, decision rule, and interpretation.
In addition to er, write a 1,000-word summary of the analysis that addresses the questions below. The summary should include additional discussion notes you would include for each section if you were presenting your poster at a professional conference. Typically, a poster presentation involves presenting your poster to small groups and providing an oral explanation as the audience reviews your poster.
Summary of the data source.
Variables used in the analysis.
The six steps of hypothesis testing.
Prepare and submit the PowerPoint poster and summary as two separate documents.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.

Attachments
PUB-550-RS-National-Health-Interview-Survey-Dataset.savPUB-550-RS-Analyzing-and-Reporting-Data-Overview.docxPUT-550-RS-Demographhic-and-Health-Survey-Dataset.savPUB-550-RS-Youth-Risk-Behavior-Surveillance-System-Dataset.savPUB-550-RS-GCU-MPH-Poster-Template.pptx

Reporting public health information requires a clear understanding of the various statistical methods used to draw conclusions. These methods are then communicated within the larger story surrounding the public health issue. Identify a public health report or article and discuss what you would do differently to improve understanding and application if you were the author. Post the permalink to your article or report in the Main Forum.

Topic 8 DQ 1
Chen & Wang (2014)study found the following: Public health is “the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts” [1]. The ultimate goal of public health is to improve health at the population level, and this is achieved through the collective mechanisms and actions of public health authorities within the government context [1,2]. Three functions of public health agencies have been defined: assessment of health status and health needs, policy development to serve the public interest, and assurance that necessary services are provided [2,3]. Since data, information and knowledge underpin these three functions, public health is inherently a data-intensive domain [3,4]. High quality data are the prerequisite for better information, better decision-making and better population health [5](p.5170).

Braveman & Gottlieb(2014) study found the following: A number of studies have attempted to assess the impact of social factors on health. A review by McGinnis et al. estimated that medical care was responsible for only 10%–15% of preventable mortality in the U.S.;45 while Mackenbach’s studies suggest that this percentage may be an underestimate, they affirm the overwhelming importance of social factors.25,26 McGinnis and Foege concluded that half of all deaths in the U.S. involve behavioral causes;18 other evidence has shown that health-related behaviors are strongly shaped by social factors, including income, education, and employment.46,47 Jemal et al., studying 2001 U.S. death data, concluded that “potentially avoidable factors associated with lower educational status account for almost half of all deaths among working-age adults in the U.S.(p.19)
Braveman & Gottlieb(2014) study found the following: Despite challenges, controversies, and unanswered questions, the tremendous advances in knowledge that have occurred in the past 25 years leave little room for doubt that social factors are powerful determinants of health. The consistency and reproducibility of strong associations between social (including socioeconomic) factors and a multitude of health outcomes in diverse settings and populations have been well documented, and the biological plausibility of the influence of social factors on health has been established. It is not surprising that exceptional examples of health indicators, settings, and subgroups in which health does not necessarily improve with greater social advantage can be found. There may be thresholds above which a higher degree of a given social factor (e.g., income) no longer yields better health. Exceptions would also be expected as the effects of any given factor are contingent upon the presence of myriad other factors—social, economic, psychological, environmental, genetic, and epigenetic (p.31).
Braveman & Gottlieb(2014) study found the following: Public health workers and clinicians also can develop health-promotion strategies that reach beyond individual clinical and social services to communities, to influence living and working conditions that are generally the strongest determinants of whether people are healthy or become sick in the first place.143 They can participate in or promote research adding to the understanding of the mechanisms by which social factors influence health, and test which strategies appear most effective and efficient (p.31).

Reference

Braveman, P., & Gottlieb, L. (2014). The social determinants of health: it’s time to consider the causes of the causes. Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974), 129 Suppl 2(Suppl 2), 19–31. doi:10.1177/00333549141291S206

Chen, H., Hailey, D., Wang, N., & Yu, P. (2014). A review of data quality assessment methods for public health information systems. International journal of environmental research and public health, 11(5), 5170–5207. doi:10.3390/ijerph110505170

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