se the following as guidelines as you write a draft of your letter:Who the…
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se the following as guidelines as you write a draft of your letter:Who the person is.What is your relationship with them (how you know them, for how long and to the extent that you’ve kept in touch since you first met)What was your life like before they gave you the “gift?”Explain what their “gift to you was. Be specific.How did their “gift change/shape/influence you then and how does it still affect you today?In what way can you pass this “gift” on to others?
1) Psychologists use the term ________ to refer to a relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience.A) “growth”B)
1) Psychologists use the term ________ to refer to a relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience.A) “growth”B) “maturation”C) “cognition”D) “learning”2) Which of the following types of learning explains phenomena such as crying at the sight of a bride walking down the aisle, fearing the dark, and falling in love?A) classical conditioningB) operant conditioningC) latent learningD) cognitive learning3) ________ permits us to ignore things that have stopped providing new information.A) Stimulus discriminationB) ExtinctionC) HabituationD) Stimulus generalization4) ________ is credited with laying the foundation for the study of classical conditioning in psychology.A) ThorndikeB) SkinnerC) PavlovD) Watson5) ________ is a type of learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to bring about a response after it is paired with a stimulus that naturally brings about that response.A) Classical conditioningB) Operant conditioningC) Observational learningD) Instrumental conditioning6) ________ stimulus is a stimulus that does not naturally bring about the response of interest.A) ReflexiveB) UnconditionedC) NeutralD) Normative7) ________ stimulus is a stimulus that naturally brings about a particular response without having been learned.A) ConditionedB) UnconditionedC) NeutralD) Normative8) As a child, Tim loved salami sandwiches but was not particularly fond of dill pickles. However, his mother would always serve the pickles with salami sandwiches. Now, the sight of even an empty dill pickle jar makes his mouth water. In the context of classical conditioning, the pickle jar is a(n) ________ and salami is a(n) ________.A) conditioned stimulus; unconditioned stimulusB) unconditioned stimulus; conditioned stimulusC) neutral stimulus; unconditioned stimulusD) conditioned stimulus; neutral stimulus9) In classical conditioning, an unconditioned stimulusA) becomes a conditioned stimulus.B) elicits a particular response that is a result of training.C) elicits a particular response without having been learned.D) becomes a neutral stimulus.10) Which of the following is TRUE of unconditioned responses?A) They are led by conditioned stimuli.B) They require the presence of a conditioned stimulus.C) They require the presence of a neutral stimulus.D) They occur naturally.11) In Pavlov’s study, the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) was ________; the neutral stimulus was ________; and, finally, the conditioned stimulus (CS) was ________.A) meat; the bell; meatB) meat; the bell; the bellC) the bell; meat; meatD) meat; meat; the bell12) Danny visited the zoo with his parents. A week later, his grandparents took him to the zoo when he asked them. For the next few days, he kept asking his parents to take him to the zoo again. About two weeks later, he stopped asking to be taken to the zoo. The given scenario exemplifiesA) extinction.B) reinforcement.C) latent learning.D) observational learning.13) The reemergence of an extinguished conditioned response after a period of rest and with no further conditioning is known asA) extinction.B) habituation.C) spontaneous recovery.D) deconditioning.14) ________ is a process in which, after a stimulus has been conditioned to produce a particular response, stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus produce the same response.A) Stimulus locationB) Stimulus generalizationC) Stimulus reflexiveD) Stimulus discrimination15) Ramona takes her 4-year-old daughter to a park. While her daughter plays in the sand pit, Ramona sits and chats with her friends. When she hears two girls fighting, she does not worry as she recognizes that it’s not her daughter’s voice. The given scenario illustratesA) stimulus generalization.B) stimulus discrimination.C) extinction.D) latent learning.16) When Mathew was a child, he ate some red berries from his garden. He fell violently sick after eating them. Now, he refuses to eat any red-colored fruits. In the context of classical conditioning, the given scenario illustratesA) positive reinforcement.B) stimulus discrimination.C) stimulus generalization.D) negative reinforcement.17) ________ is learning in which a voluntary response is strengthened or weakened, depending on its favorable or unfavorable consequences.A) Classical conditioningB) Operant conditioningC) Observational learningD) Instrumental conditioning18) Operant conditioning most importantly involves forming associations betweenA) neutral and unconditioned stimuli.B) stimuli and involuntary behavior.C) behavior and consequences.D) conditioned response and reflex.19) In operant conditioning, an organismA) operates on its environment to produce a desirable result.B) reacts to a stimulus in an unthinking, mechanical, and automatic manner.C) uses active thought processes to decide its response to a stimulus.D) imitates the behavior of a model.20) The root of operant conditioning may be traced to ________’s early studies of hungry cats learning to escape from cages.A) SkinnerB) ThorndikeC) WatsonD) Pavlov21) “Responses that lead to satisfying consequences are more likely to be repeated.” This is the law ofA) consequences.B) reward.C) effect.D) reinforcement.22) The most influential psychologist to study operant conditioning wasA) Freud.B) Watson.C) Pavlov.D) Skinner.23) The process by which a stimulus increases the likelihood that a preceding behavior will be repeated is calledA) habituation.B) reinforcement.C) learning.D) spontaneous recovery.24) Which of the following statements is TRUE of primary reinforcers?A) They work only if they can help fulfill needs other than biological needs.B) They work naturally, regardless of a person’s previous experience.C) They work only if a person understands the importance of the particular reinforcer.D) They are primarily associated with money.25) A ________ is any stimulus that increases the probability that a preceding behavior will occur again.A) catalystB) rejoinderC) reinforcerD) stimulant26) Reinforcers that satisfy a biological need are called ________ reinforcers.A) primaryB) positiveC) unconditionedD) reflexive27) Caroline is playing in the snow in her yard. Her father calls her to come inside the house as it is getting late. Caroline does not want to go inside and ignores her father. After a while, she starts to feel cold and goes inside the house to keep warm. In the given scenario, the feeling of warmth is aA) conditioned stimulus.B) primary reinforcer.C) secondary reinforcer.D) neutral stimulus.28) Noah’s mother gives him a dollar every Friday evening if he finishes his chores for the week without being reminded. He diligently finishes his chores every week, and he uses the money to buy candies over the weekend. In the given scenario, the weekly allowance acts as a(n)A) secondary reinforcer.B) primary reinforcer.C) neutral stimulus.D) unconditioned stimulus.29) The term reward is associated withA) positive reinforcement only.B) reinforcement generally.C) negative reinforcement only.D) primary reinforcement only.30) Cabe pulls a muscle in his leg. His doctor asks him to apply ice on the injury. Even though he does not like to apply cold packs, Cabe does it because he feels instant relief from the pain. In the given scenario, the relief from pain is aA) negative punishment.B) positive punishment.C) negative reinforcer.D) positive reinforcer.31) As part of a behavior modification program, Kendra and her partner each agree to praise the other if they complete their assigned household chores by the end of the day. Such praise is an example ofA) primary reinforcement.B) tertiary reinforcement.
Will and Janie are siblings. Will is 8 years old while Janie is 6. They both grew up in a
Will and Janie are siblings. Will is 8 years old while Janie is 6. They both grew up in a two-parent middle class family where their father worked regular-hour weeks and their mother did not work until Janie was a year old at which time she returned to her job as a nurse. When their mother went back to work Will entered preschool and a neighbor who was home with her own child cared for Janie. Both Will and Janie have a strong relationship with both of their parents who have taken an active role in their upbringing. Will is currently in grade 3 and Janie is in grade 1. Will is an average student doing well in all academic, social, and physical facets of school and home-life. Janie on the other hand is struggling with anxiety. She is fairing well academically when she is required to work on her own but is increasingly having difficulty when working in groups with other children. She is constantly nervous about school, particularly when engaging in new activities. She doesn’t make friends easily but with some encouragement from her mother she is able to engage in social activities at school. Janie’s parents are concerned about her well-being and have begun to seek help from medical, school, and psychological professionals. Her parents have consulted with Janie’s pediatrician who has put them in touch with a child psychologist. In working with the psychologist it was recognized that Janie’s father has struggled with anxiety throughout his life. Although Janie’s father still experiences anxiety in some situations, he has adopted many effective strategies and has learned to cope well with anxiety-provoking situations. There is some research indicating that anxiety may be biologically or genetically based. From a genetics perspective explain why Janie may be experiencing anxiety whereas Will is not.
Tay Saks disease is a genetic based disease that is fatal for infants. Using genetics and development explain how a
Tay Saks disease is a genetic based disease that is fatal for infants. Using genetics and development explain how a child could have Tay Saks disease yet both his parents do not. When this parental genetic situation exists what are the chances of the baby having Tay Saks disease? Is screening for heritable genetic disorders possible? If so, explain the screening process.
Patrick is 82 years old and is a client that you work with. Patrick is blind, he has slowly lost
Patrick is 82 years old and is a client that you work with. Patrick is blind, he has slowly lost his sight over the last 5 years. Increasingly over time, Patrick has begun to isolate himself socially. You are required to write an assignment based on Patrick and include the following items: Outline the physical, emotional, social, psychological and spiritual issues to be aware of when caring for a person who is blind and elderly – (5 marks) Compare and contrast the different care needs between Patrick and a sighted resident, discuss in particular the difference in dressing and eating needs – (5 Marks) Describe how you, as a health care worker, would support and assist Patrick to satisfy his social needs – (3 Marks) Reflect on key learning achieved during this assignment (2.5 Marks) Marks will also be allocated for the following: Demonstrate evidence of critical thinking and additional research (2.5 Marks) Ensure assignment is well presented, referenced correctly and presented appropriately
ANSWER THE FOLLOWING I/O PSYCHOLOGY 1. What problems might result from using a 360-degree feedback system? 2. In what type
Psychology Assignment Writing ServiceANSWER THE FOLLOWING I/O PSYCHOLOGY 1. What problems might result from using a 360-degree feedback system? 2. In what type of situations is training most useful? Least useful? 3. What is the difference between reliability and validity? 4. What do you think is the most important purpose for performance appraisal?
There is the answer for each questions. I need only explanation for each qusestion!Thank you At the beginning of an
There is the answer for each questions. I need only explanation for each qusestion!Thank you At the beginning of an investigation, a detective already believes their suspect is guilty based on an eyewitness account, but the suspect has a convincing alibi. The detective uses an aggressive interrogation style and everything the suspect says seems to support the detective’s belief that the suspect is guilty.A: Confirmation biasTent; forest; fire; smores; lake. These words are all part of our _____ for camping.A: SchemaFor reinforcement to work, an organism must first display the…A :Desired behaviorIf you do not remember what your fingernails felt like during an exam you forgot that informationA: FalseA defendant in a murder trial is a creepy, white male (mid-forties, never married, no children, lives alone, truck driver). Even thought the defendant has an alibi, the jurors are reminded of a prototypical serial killer and believe that he is guilty.A: Representativeness heurisitcAfter a risk assessment, a psychologist tells a prosecutor that the defendant has a 70% chance of not offending in the future. The prosecutor tells the jury that the defendant has a 30% chance of offending in the future.A: Framing effectGary is driving to his appointment, construction is blocking his path, he drives down every single surrounding streets (turning around when he hits a dead end) until he has found a clear one, this is an example of…A: algorithmAssociative learning, Classical conditioning, and Operant conditioning are all three a part of what?A: Behaviorism A white, teacup poodle is an example of a ________, whereas an animal is an example of a ______________.A: Subordinate-level Concept, Superordinate ConceptRon consumed some poorly stored sushi on a hot day and became violently ill. Since then, Ron can’t stand the sight of sushi. He has developed a:A: conditioned taste aversionYou look at a huge buffet, which of these is considered a subordinate-level concept?A: chocolate sundaesWhen you look at this question, you know that one of the options listed below is the correct answer. What is the retrieval processes involved in identifying the correct answer?A: RecognitionWhich of the following is an example of overcoming functional fixedness to solve a problem? A: Ann planned to make waffles for Leslie for her birthday! But she was out of mixing bowls. She washed out a flower pot (heavily scrubbing) and used it as a bowl for the waffle mix.During acquisition trials of classical conditioning (i.e., before learning has been accomplished)…A: a neutral stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulusWhich laboratory example reflects a variable interval schedule of reinforcement?A: Every 6 minutes, a rat receives food for pressing a lever. Then the schedule changes to every 5 minutes, then to every 9 minutes.Every night for a month, the local news channel reports on a recent story where a small boy was attacked by a pit bull. Even though this was a single case and this specific pit bull was abused and trained to hurt others (and the vast majority of pit bulls are nonviolent and great dogs) some local community leaders are trying to pass legislature that would ban all pit bulls from the town.A: Availability heuristicWhen walking down a city street at night, you encounter two people: (1) a petite, blonde, teenage girl who is well-dressed and (2) a tall, muscular, tattooed man wearing a hood. You become nervous upon passing the man, but you are perfectly relaxed when passing the girl. Little do you know, the teenage girl mugged someone ten minutes before you passed her, while the man is on his way home to his family after finishing up some charity work. Your inaccurate reactions to each of these individuals is an example of the…A:representativeness heurisitc
Development of the brain is influenced by nature and nurture. Give two examples of how “nurture” can impact brain development
Development of the brain is influenced by nature and nurture. Give two examples of how “nurture” can impact brain development in either a positive or adverse way. In addition, what is meant by the term, “critical period” as it refers to development? Discuss how the concept of critical periods applies to various aspects of physical, brain, and perceptual development. In terms of brain development, how have research findings on neuroplasticity changed our views about the rigidity imposed by critical periods? Finally, while neuroplasticity is impacted by nature, what role can nurture play in neuroplasticity as well?
Classroom assessment to determine student mastery of the curriculum (assume the teacher will choose/create an informal assessment) What aspects of
Classroom assessment to determine student mastery of the curriculum (assume the teacher will choose/create an informal assessment) What aspects of best practice in assessment does a teacher need to consider when selecting or creating this informal assessment? Considering: -The purpose of the assessment (stated above) -The category of assessment this would be (within the category of Informal Assessment) -Scope and sequence of the curriculum -Instructional decision-making process (based on assessment results)
Write both the Independent variable and Dependent variable for each experiment. Then identify the type of experimental design (t-test, one-way
Write both the Independent variable and Dependent variable for each experiment. Then identify the type of experimental design (t-test, one-way ANOVA, or factorial ANOVA). If the design is a factorial ANOVA, indicate the notation, e.g., 2×3 design.1. An experiment testing the impact of the number of hours of sleep per night on reaction time on a computer task. Participants arrive at a sleep lab and either sleep for 8 hours or are kept awake all night. The next day, the participate in the computer task. a. IV:b. DV:c. Design:d. Notation (if needed):2.An experiment testing the impact of time spent watching TV on ratings of happiness. Participants are assigned to watch either no TV, a 30-minute show, or a 60-minute show. Participants then complete a questionnaire that assesses level of happiness. a. IV:b. DV:c. Design:d.Notation (if needed):3.An experiment testing the impact of cell phone presence on level of attention. Students listen to a lecture either with their cell phone on and on the desk in front of them or turned off and zipped up in a backpack at their feet. After the lecture, the take a quiz on the material covered in the lecture.a. IV:b. DV:c. Design:d. Notation (if needed):4.An experiment testing how food is presented affects the amount of calories consumed. For one group, candy is placed in a bowl, for another group, candy is in a sealed box, and for the third group the candy is in a closed but unsealed box. Participants sit in a waiting room with magazine and the candy. After 30 minutes, the amount of food consumed is measured. a. IV:b. DV:c. Design:d. Notation (if needed):5.An experiment testing the effects of TV and snack food type on amount of calories consumed. Participants watch one of three movies (action, comedy, or drama) and are presented with one of three different snack foods (popcorn, M
If you’re a third-year college student in the university, that just means you’re an adult now. Just because you don’t
If you’re a third-year college student in the university, that just means you’re an adult now. Just because you don’t have to go to work for eight hours a day yet doesn’t mean you shouldn’t act like it. The closer we get to graduation, the more professional we have become to make a life for ourselves. What are the practical things you do to develop professionalism as a university student? What are the areas in your life that you need to continue building to become a “grown-up” who acts and thinks professionally?
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